History of Human Rights vol2
Extending the Right to Vote 1906
Turning to 19th century, the Finnish parliament was the most old fashioned in Europe. Russian emperor was forced to bow to the will of the people, after resistance of the citizens. Finland got the most modern European Parliament. Finland was the first country in the world, were all women were given the right to vote and stand as candidate. 19 women were elected at the first election to Parliament.
Finland has been a pioneer in women`s political rights also later. Finland was the first country, where at the same time was a woman as president and prime minister. President Tarja Halonen and prime minister Anneli Jäätteenmäki (year 2003).
Finland's Form of Government 1919
Finland became independent in 1917 after the Russian revolution. The following year took place a cruel civil war in which German and Russian troops took part in Finland. Finland became a republic. Our first president was K. J Ståhlberg. He was also author of our constitution law.
One of the main constitution, is the law of the two national languages: Finnish and Swedish. F.ex. in the offices, doctor, University it is possible to use Swedish or Finnish. The Åland Islands are an autonomous region. Åland`s only offical language is Swedish.
Freedom of Religion Act
The Freedom of Religion Act was put into action in Finland in 1923. We have two state churches: Lutheran and Orthodox, but also non-Christian faiths were allowed to be founded after 1923. It is also possible not to belong to any religion.
Joining United Nations 1955
Finnish constitution is in the spirit of United Nations human rights. It is the base for the fundamental rights of every citizen.
The new Constitution 2000 is taking in consideration especially the rights of the minorities.
Finnish Constitution Reform 2000
Sami langauge was given better possibilities in using own mother tongue in 1992. Finnish Constitution 2000: The right to receive services in their own language (for example hospital, school etc.).
Romani People`s security of tenure law 1995.
Finnish Constitution 2000: Right to own language and culture.
Egual marriage act 1.3.2017